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The thermo-mechano-chemical fractionation of sunflower whole plant in twin-screw extruder, an opportunity for its biorefinery

Evon, Philippe and Vandenbossche, Virginie and Pontalier, Pierre-Yves and Rigal, Luc The thermo-mechano-chemical fractionation of sunflower whole plant in twin-screw extruder, an opportunity for its biorefinery. (2013) In: 104th AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo, 28 April 2013 - 1 May 2013 (Montréal, Québec, Canada). (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Biorefinery of sunflower whole plant is conducted according to an aqueous process using a twin-screw extruder. Aqueous extraction of oil is looked upon as an environmentally cleaner alternative technology to solvent extraction. Twin-screw extruder carries out three unit operations continuously: conditioning and grinding of whole plant, liquid/solid extraction and liquid/solid separation. Extraction efficiency depends on screw speed, and input flow rates of whole plant and water. In best conditions, oil yield is 57%, and residual oil content in cake meal is 14%. These conditions lead to the co-extraction of proteins, pectins and hemicelluloses. Oil is extracted in the form of two oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by phospholipids and proteins at interface. They could be used as co-emulsifiers for creams production in cosmetic industry. An aqueous extract containing part of the water-soluble constituents from whole plant, mainly proteins and pectins, is also generated. It can be recycled to the process. As a mixture of fibers and proteins, the cake meal can be moulded by thermo-pressing. Denser fiberboards have promising mechanical properties in bending. They could be used in furniture industry. Fiberboards with the lowest densities are more fragile but they could be used for their heat insulation properties in building industry.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Philippe EVON
Deposited On:04 Sep 2014 14:07

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