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Axial and Radial Investigation of Hydrodynamics in a Bubble Column;Influence of Fluids Flow Rates and Sparger Type

Chaumat, Hélène and Billet, Anne-Marie and Delmas, Henri Axial and Radial Investigation of Hydrodynamics in a Bubble Column;Influence of Fluids Flow Rates and Sparger Type. (2006) International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, vol. 4 . ISSN 1542-6580

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Official URL: http://www.bepress.com/ijcre/vol4/A25

Abstract

A detailed investigation of local hydrodynamics in a pilot plant bubble column has been performed using various techniques, exploring both axial and radial variations of the gas hold-up, bubble average diameter and frequency, surface area. A wide range of operating conditions has been explored up to large gas and liquid flow rates, with two sparger types. Two main complementary techniques were used: a quasi local measurement of gas hold-up via series of differential pressure sensors to get the axial variation and a double optic probe giving radial variations of gad hold-up, bubble average size and frequency and surface area. According to axial evolutions, three zones, where radial evolutions have been detailed,have been separated: at the bottom the gas injection zone, the large central region or column bulk and the disengagement zone at the column top. It was found that significant axial and radial variations of the two phase flow characteristics do exist even in the so called homogeneous regime. The normalized profiles of bubble frequency appear sparger and gas velocity independent contrary to bubble diameter, gas hold-up and interfacial area normalized profiles. In any case bubbles are larger in the sparger zone than elsewhere. The main result of this work is the very strong effect of liquid flow on bubble column hydrodynamics at low gas flow rate. First the flow regime map observed in batch mode is dramatically modified with a drastic reduction of the homogeneous regime region, up to a complete heterogeneous regime in the working conditions (uG> 0.02 m/s). On the contrary, liquid flow has limited effects at very high gas flow rates. A large data bank is provided to be used for example in detailed comparison with CFD calculations.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to The Berkeley Electronic Press editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.bepress.com The original PDF of the article can be found at International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering website : http://www.bepress.com/ijcre
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Réaction, mélange & séparation (RMS)
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Procédés électrochimiques (PE)
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Deposited By: Hélène Dubernard
Deposited On:13 Oct 2008 08:08

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