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Numerical simulation of ignition in aeronautical combustion chambers

Barré, David. Numerical simulation of ignition in aeronautical combustion chambers. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2014

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00002619/

Abstract

For evident operational and safety reasons, ignition is a key feature of aeronautical gas turbine applications. In fact the design of a gas turbine combustion chamber imposes multiple contradicting objectives one of them being efficient ignition or re-ignition. Among all the parameters available to the engineers, the number of fuel injection systems and their spacing are crucial elements, that must be fixed early on in the design phase. Such choices however not only impact the manufacturing cost and size of the combustor but they also affect the operability of the engine as well as its ignition. To improve knowledge of the ignition process occurring in real engines, current research combines fundamental and increasingly complex experiments complemented by high fidelity numerical simulations. These actions focus on the one hand on the initial instants where the first flame kernel appears as well as the follow-on instants corresponding to the light-around phase or burner to burner flame propagation phase. Both phases are clearly important but are difficult to study simultaneously. The first purpose of this thesis aims at assessing LES models on a single experimental burner located at CORIA (France) to provide a reliable numerical methodology to achieve an ignition sequence in real engines. Indeed, various phenomena are involved in such numerical studies dedicated to real aeronautical combustion chambers and all need to be reproduced by numerics: swirling flows, ignition, quenching, flame propagation, flame/turbulence interactions. All of these processes interact and clearly raise the level of difficulty notably in terms of turbulent combustion modeling of an ignition transient. Having assessed the method on a single burner configuration, the work then investigates the second phase, using a multi-injector experiment simulated by LES to study the flame propagation during ignition. The comparison of numerical fully transient ignition sequences with experimental data shows that LES recovers features found in the experiment. Global events such as the propagation of the flame front to neighboring swirlers are well captured and correct propagation modes (radial or axial) as well as correct overall ignition time delay are obtained. Finally the detailed analysis of LES data allows to identify the driving mechanisms governing each of these propagation modes.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Gicquel, Laurent and Staffelbach, Gabriel
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Deposited On:17 Jun 2014 21:58

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