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The effects of emotion on pilot decision-making: A neuroergonomic approach to aviation safety

Causse, Mickaël and Dehais, Frédéric and Péran, Patrice and Sabatini, Umberto and Pastor, Josette The effects of emotion on pilot decision-making: A neuroergonomic approach to aviation safety. (2013) Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 33. 272-281. ISSN 0968-090X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2012.04.005

Abstract

Emotion or stress can jeopardize decision-making relevance and cognitive functioning. In this paper we examine plan continuation error (PCE), an erroneous behavior defined as a “failure to revise a flight plan despite emerging evidence that suggests it is no longer safe” (Orasanu, Ames, Martin, & Davison, 2001). Our hypothesis is that negative emotional consequences attached to the go-around decision provoke a temporary impairment of the decision-making process and favor PCE. We investigated this hypothesis with a simplified landing task in which two possible contributors to those emotions, namely the uncertainty of a decision outcome and the reward/punishment, associated to the outcome were manipulated. A behavioral experiment (n = 12) and a second one (n = 6) using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were conducted. Behavioral results of both studies showed the effectiveness of the financial incentive to bias decision making toward a more risky and less rational behavior from a safety point of view. Neuroimaging data showed that the PCE behavior was underpinned by the contribution of brain circuitry of emotion and reward during the decision-making process. Taken together, behavioral and fMRI result support the hypothesis that PCE can be provoked by a temporary impairment of rational decision

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies website: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0968090X/33/supp/C
HAL Id:hal-00998693
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale - INSERM (FRANCE)
Other partners > Fondazione Santa Lucia - IRCCS (ITALY)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Mickael Causse
Deposited On:02 Jun 2014 13:19

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