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Climate and Peatlands

De Jong, Rixt and Blaauw, Maarten and Chambers, Frank M. and Christensen, Torben R. and De Vleeschouwer, François and Finsinger, Walter and Fronzek, Stefan and Johansson, Margareta and Kokfelt, Ulla and Lamentowicz, Mariusz and Le Roux, Gaël and Mauquoy, Dmitri and Mitchell, Edward A.D. and Nichols, Jonathan E. and Samaritani, Emanuela and Geel, Bas Climate and Peatlands. (2010) In: Changing Climates, Earth Systems and Society. (International Year of Planet Earth). Springer Netherlands, 85-121. ISBN 978-90-481-8716-4

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-8716-4_5

Abstract

Peatlands are an important natural archive for past climatic changes, primarily due to their sensitivity to changes in the water balance and the dating possibilities of peat sediments. In addition, peatlands are an important sink as well as potential source of greenhouse gases. The first part of this chapter discusses a range of well-established and novel proxies studied in peat cores (peat humification, macrofossils, testate amoebae, stomatal records from subfossil leaves, organic biomarkers and stable isotope ratios, aeolian sediment influx and geochemistry) that are used for climatic and environmental reconstructions, as well as recent developments in the dating of these sediments. The second part focuses on the role that peatland ecosystems may play as a source or sink of greenhouse gases. Emphasis is placed on the past and future development of peatlands in the discontinuous permafrost areas of northern Scandinavia, and the role of regenerating mined peatlands in north-western Europe as a carbon sink or source.

Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier Springer Netherlands. The definitive version is available at link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-90-481-8716-4_5
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Brown University (USA)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne - EPFL (SWITZERLAND)
Other partners > University of Gloucestershire (UNITED KINGDOM)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Other partners > Finnish Environment Institute - SYKE (FINLAND)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Liège (BELGIUM)
Other partners > Université de Montpellier 2 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Adam Mickiewicz University - AMU (POLAND)
Other partners > Lund University (SWEDEN)
Other partners > Queen's University Belfast - QUB (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft - WSL (SWITZERLAND)
Other partners > University of Aberdeen - ABDN (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > University of Amsterdam - UvA (NETHERLANDS)
Other partners > University of Bern (SWITZERLAND)
Other partners > Université de Neuchâtel (SWITZERLAND)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: François De Vleeschouwer
Deposited On:06 May 2014 08:38

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