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Atmospheric lead and heavy metal pollution records from a Belgian peat bog spanning the last two millenia: Human impact on a regional to global scale

De Vleeschouwer, François and Gérard, Laëtitia and Goormaghtigh, Catherine and Mattielli, Nadine and Le Roux, Gaël and Fagel, Nathalie Atmospheric lead and heavy metal pollution records from a Belgian peat bog spanning the last two millenia: Human impact on a regional to global scale. (2007) Science of the Total Environment, 377 (2-3). 282-295. ISSN 0048-9697

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.02.017

Abstract

Europe has been continuously polluted throughout the last two millennia. During the Roman Empire, these pollutions were mainly from ore extraction and smelting across Europe. Then, during the Middle Ages and the Early times of Industrial revolution (i.e. 1750), these pollutions extended to coal burning and combustion engine. Belgian ombrotrophic peat bogs have proved an effective archive of these pollutants and provide the opportunity to reconstruct the history of atmospheric deposition in NW Europe. The results of recent and past trace metal accumulation and Pb isotopes from a one-meter peat core (in the Misten peat bog) have been derived using XRF and Nu-plasma MC-ICP-MS. Combined with 14C and 210Pb dates these data have enabled us to trace fluxes in anthropogenic pollution back to original Roman times. Several periods of well-known Pb pollution events are clearly recorded including the Early and Late Roman Empire, the Middle Ages and the second industrial revolution. Also recorded is the introduction of leaded gasoline, and more recently the introduction of unleaded gasoline. Lead isotopes in this site have also enabled us to fingerprint several regional and global sources of anthropogenic particles.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Science of the Total Environment website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00489697
HAL Id:hal-00987398
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Universität Heidelberg (GERMANY)
Other partners > Université de Liège (BELGIUM)
Other partners > Université Libre de Bruxelles - ULB (BELGIUM)
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Deposited By: François De Vleeschouwer
Deposited On:06 May 2014 08:07

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