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Environmental and health risk assessment of Pb, Zn, As and Sb in soccer field soils and sediments from mine tailings: solid speciation and bioaccessibility

Pascaud, Grégoire and Lévèque, Thibaut and Soubrand, Marilyne and Boussen, Salma and Joussein, Emmanuel and Dumat, Camille Environmental and health risk assessment of Pb, Zn, As and Sb in soccer field soils and sediments from mine tailings: solid speciation and bioaccessibility. (2014) Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21 (6). 4254-4264. ISSN 0944-1344

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-2297-2

Abstract

Areas polluted by the persistent presence of metal(loid)s induce health problems, especially when recreational activities (on land or water) promote human exposure to the pollutants. This study focuses on one of the most encountered worldwide mining waste, i.e. those from the extraction of Pb–Zn–Ag. The representative Pb–Zn-rich tailing (about 64, 100 m3) sampled is located near a soccer field and a famous river for fishing. The scientific interests is relative to: (1)mobility and bioaccessibility of metal(oid)s, (2) human risk assessments and (3) relationship between human risks and solid-bearing phases in the environment. Soccer field soils, tailings and sediments from the nearby river were sampled; moreover,metal(loid) speciation (fromBCR experiments) and bioaccessibility were measured and solid speciation performed by X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy in order to highlight metal(loid) dispersion and impact. Results demonstrate that the soccer field is highly contaminated by Pb, Zn, As and Sb due primarily to waste runoff. In terms of risk assessment, Pb and As human bioaccessibility highlights the major health risk (48 and 22.5 % of human bioaccessibility, respectively). Since local populations are regularly in close contact with metal(loid)s, the health risk due to pollutant exposure needs to be reduced through sustainable waste disposal and the rehabilitation of polluted sites.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Springer Verlag (Germany) editor. The definitive version is available at https://link.springer.com/ The original PDF of the article can be found at Environmental Science and Pollution Research website : https://link.springer.com/journal/11356
HAL Id:hal-01585027
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Other partners > Société de Traitement Chimique des Métaux - STCM (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Limoges - UNILIM (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Tunis - El Manar (TUNISIA)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Camille DUMAT THEVENON
Deposited On:30 Aug 2017 15:11

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