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Synthesis of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Fluidized-Bed Chemical Vapor Deposition over Co/Al2O3

Pooperasupong, Sompoch and Caussat, Brigitte and Serp, Philippe and Damronglerd, Somsak Synthesis of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Fluidized-Bed Chemical Vapor Deposition over Co/Al2O3. (2014) Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, vol. 47 (n° 1). pp. 28-39. ISSN 0021-9592

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1252/jcej.13we068

Abstract

Synthesis of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was accomplished by catalytic chemical vapor deposition of ethylene over Co/Al2O3 in a fluidized-bed. The reaction temperature and ethylene concentration, as the molar percentage (mol%), were both found to be crucial factors determining the solid carbon conversion level and selectivity of MWCNT formation, but had no significant effect on the size distribution of the obtained MWCNTs. Amorphous carbon and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were the main products obtained at a reaction temperature of 550°C. Amorphous carbon was also formed when using ethylene at a high concentration (62.5 mol%), which possibly deactivated the catalyst. Increasing the reaction temperature from 550 to 650°C resulted in better graphitized MWCNTs. The average diameters of the synthesized MWCNTs were in the range of 7–8 nm independent of the reaction temperature or ethylene concentration. The selectivity of alkane production decreased considerably at reaction temperatures above 675°C, resulting in a higher productivity of MWCNTs. The activation energy for MWCNT formation was found to be 65.3 kJ/mol, which matched well with that previously reported for carbon diffuusion in liquid cobalt.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Chulalongkorn University (THAILAND)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Brigitte CAUSSAT-BONNANS
Deposited On:21 Mar 2014 08:24

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