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Regularized Covariance Matrix Estimation in Complex Elliptically Symmetric Distributions Using the Expected Likelihood Approach - Part 1: The Over-Sampled Case

Abramovich, Yuri and Besson, Olivier Regularized Covariance Matrix Estimation in Complex Elliptically Symmetric Distributions Using the Expected Likelihood Approach - Part 1: The Over-Sampled Case. (2013) IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 61 (23). 5807-5818. ISSN 1053-587X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSP.2013.2272924

Abstract

In \cite{Abramovich04}, it was demonstrated that the likelihood ratio (LR) for multivariate complex Gaussian distribution has the invariance property that can be exploited in many applications. Specifically, the probability density function (p.d.f.) of this LR for the (unknown) actual covariance matrix $\R_{0}$ does not depend on this matrix and is fully specified by the matrix dimension $M$ and the number of independent training samples $T$. Since this p.d.f. could therefore be pre-calculated for any a priori known $(M,T)$, one gets a possibility to compare the LR of any derived covariance matrix estimate against this p.d.f., and eventually get an estimate that is statistically ``as likely'' as the a priori unknown actual covariance matrix. This ``expected likelihood'' (EL) quality assessment allows for significant improvement of MUSIC DOA estimation performance in the so-called ``threshold area'' \cite{Abramovich04,Abramovich07d}, and for diagonal loading and TVAR model order selection in adaptive detectors \cite{Abramovich07,Abramovich07b}. Recently, a broad class of the so-called complex elliptically symmetric (CES) distributions has been introduced for description of highly in-homogeneous clutter returns. The aim of this series of two papers is to extend the EL approach to this class of CES distributions as well as to a particularly important derivative of CES, namely the complex angular central distribution (ACG). For both cases, we demonstrate a similar invariance property for the LR associated with the true scatter matrix $\mSigma_{0}$. Furthermore, we derive fixed point regularized covariance matrix estimates using the generalized expected likelihood methodology. This first part is devoted to the conventional scenario ($T \geq M$) while Part 2 deals with the under-sampled scenario ($T \leq M$).

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to IEEE editor. (c) 2011 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works. The definitive version is available at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org
HAL Id:hal-00904892
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Other partners > WR Systems (USA)
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DGA/MRIS
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Deposited By: Olivier Besson
Deposited On:15 Nov 2013 13:39

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