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Transposition from a batch to a continuous process for microencapsulation by interfacial polycondensation

Theron, Félicie and Anxionnaz-Minvielle, Zoé and Le Sauze, Nathalie and Cabassud, Michel Transposition from a batch to a continuous process for microencapsulation by interfacial polycondensation. (2012) Chemical Engineering and Processing, vol. 54. pp. 42-54. ISSN 0255-2701

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cep.2012.01.001

Abstract

A novel continuous process is proposed and investigated to produce microcapsules by interfacial polycondensation. Polymeric microcapsules are obtained via a two-step process including an initial emulsification of two immiscible fluids in static mixers and a subsequent interfacial polycondensation reaction performed in two different continuous reactors, the Deanhex heat exchanger/reactor or a classical coiledtube. This study is carried out through a step by step approach. A model system involving polyurea as the polymeric membrane and cyclohexane as the encapsulated species is chosen. A semi-batch reaction kinetic study is first performed in order to obtain kinetics data of the polycondensation reaction and to highlight hydrodynamic issues that can happen when running the encapsulation reaction in classical stirred tank. Parameters influencing droplets size obtained when carrying out emulsification in static mixers are then investigated. The hydrodynamic of the Deanhex reactor used is also characterized in terms of mixing time and residence time distribution. To validate the innovative continuous process, the emulsion droplets obtained at the static mixer outlet are encapsulated firstly in the Deanhex reactor and secondly in the coiled-tube. The apparent reaction kinetics and microcapsules characteristics corresponding to different operating conditions are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02552701
HAL Id:hal-00878628
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux énergies alternatives - CEA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Vincent GERBAUD
Deposited On:30 Oct 2013 12:38

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